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Congratulations to the 2020 NYSABA ABA Ambassadors:

MAKAYLA HEISLER
Student in The Sage Colleges MS Program in Behavior Analysis and Autism. Click for more information.
MELISSA JACKSON
Doctoral Candidate in the Education in Instructional Leadership program at Hunter College. Click for more information.
JI YOUNG KIM
Doctoral Candidate in the Applied Behavior Analysis program at Teachers College, Columbia University. Click for more information.
SALLY WARNOCK
Student in The Sage Colleges MS Program in Behavior Analysis and Autism. Click for more information.
Responsibility and Compensation

Each awardee will:

  • serve as a NYSABA Student ABA Ambassador during the period of January 1, 2020 through December 31, 2020; 

  • become a member of NYSABA’s Student Activities Committee during the abovementioned period and work with the Committee Chair and the other committee members, especially on the tasks related to student member recruitment and legislative efforts;

  • attend at least one NYSABA meet-up or organize a meet-up in coordination with the Membership Committee;

  • in September 2020, create a report (in any format, such as essay, video, infographics, etc.) that describes her/his experience as an Ambassador and submit it by September 30, 2020 (all reports will be posted on the NYSABA website, social media pages, and other relevant venues); and

  • after submitting the report to NYSABA, receive a $200 award/compensation.

 

Also, all Ambassadors will attend the 2020 NYSABA Annual Conference (October 21-23, 2020), in which the

NYSABA ABA Ambassador Award has been made possible by the following sponsors. THANK YOU!

Applied behavior analysis is the science in which methods are derived from the principles of behavior and applied to improve socially significant behavior. Behavior is defined as anything a person does. As Ryan Sain states in the corresponding video, “if it’s a verb it can be considered a behavior.” Since behavior is anything that a person does, ABA can be applied to everything we do. When we think about behavior, people tend to think of maladaptive or negative behavior, but behavior can be both good and bad. ABA focuses on what the behavior is, how the behavior occurs, and why the behavior occurs.

 

When we talk about applied behavior analysis, a lot of times the first thing that comes to mind is autism. ABA has been used for many years to make socially significant behavior changes for individuals with autism, but this is not the only context in which ABA can be of use. ABA therapy has also been used to help individuals with conditions such as: obsessive compulsive disorder, substance abuse, eating disorders, fears and phobias, ADHD, and anger management. In addition, ABA can be used in everyday life for anyone because we all engage in behavior.

 

Since I started studying the principles and applications of behavior analysis, I’ve started incorporating some methods into my everyday life. In ABA we use prompting, token systems, first/then statements, schedules, ABC data (antecedent, behavior, consequence), and reinforcement to increase desired behaviors and to decrease undesired behaviors. These are several ABA strategies that I use everyday. I say that I used first/then statements in my day-to-day life and some people may find that odd, but this is something everyone does. First/then is often a rule synonymous with the Premack Principle. I would say at least once a day I think to myself or say to someone, “before I can do ___, I need to ___.” For example, if a friend asks me to meet them for coffee but I’m in the middle of completing an assignment for a class, I would say “First I need to finish this assignment, then I can meet you.” This is something people do on a regular basis and

 

In ABA, we discuss four general functions of behavior a lot, which are access to attention, access to tangibles, escape/avoidance, and automatic reinforcement. Why are the functions of behavior so important? Because this can help explain why someone engages in a specific behavior and, therefore, improve treatment outcomes. This relates to ABA being everywhere because again, everything we do is a behavior. The functions of behavior ask the question of “why am I engaging in this behavior?” In my day-to-day life, I engage in behaviors that will most likely fit each of these functions with, more often than not, serving multiple functions at one time. One example could be when I procrastinate doing a tedious chore, such as putting laundry away. I avoid this task by finding a different activity to occupy my time that is more enjoyable. This could be considered an escape/avoidance maintained behavior and access to other tangible activities.

 

Applied behavior analysis can be used in anyone’s everyday life and can be applied to any behavior. Whether we realize it or not, there are behaviors we engage in because there are motivating operations that evoke our responses and consequences that can be said to reinforce those responses. Similarly, we often avoid or try to escape activities we don’t enjoy by finding other behaviors to engage in to postpone the unenjoyable activity. Awareness of these contingencies are not required but it sure

helps my studies to know!

Lesson of the Day:

Motivating operations (MOs) refers to antecedent variables that alter the value of consequences and the rate of behavior related to those variables. MOs that increase value are said to be “establishing” (e.g., deprivation of a preferred snack), whereas those that decrease value are said to be abolishing (e.g., satiation of a preferred snack)

NYSABA

The New York State Association for Behavior Analysis Inc. (NYSABA) is the state chapter of the Association for Behavior Analysis International (ABAI), an international organization devoted to the study of the experimental analysis of behavior and an affiliate of the Association for Professional Behavior Analysts (APBA), an organization committed to promote and advance the science-based practice of applied behavior analysis.

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